Careers in forensic science

Shiza Sana
Post Category : Science

4/9/2019 11:50:41 AM


Careers in forensic science

Forensic science is a field of science that deals with solving criminal investigation with the help of civil laws, by governing and examining the evidence and following a correct procedure.

The area of forensic science is not limited to one strict type of work it has a variety of roles and responsibilities to offer. To fulfil these role it offers many different careers some related to crime scene investigation, some related to laboratory, data collection, analysing doing research work on the case with collected evidence.

Basically, forensic science can be seen as the use of the scientific methods and processes in crime investigation.

Here’s a list of careers you can opt for if you are interested in Forensic Science:


Forensic medical examiners determine the cause of death by performing autopsies. The circumstances under which the person died or how the person was killed.



Forensic engineers determine the why and how questions related to machinery failures. They deal with investigation of materials, products, structures and components that fail to function properly causing catastrophe, economic loss or personal loss.



As the name suggests forensic accountants works with the criminal cases related to money. Their functions include auditing, accounting, and finance, analyse and evaluate evidential mater and to interpret and communicate findings that might have led to the criminal activity.

They engage in various fields for e.g. post-acquisition disputes, bankruptcy, tax fraud, money laundering etc. They are also expected to present evidence at the time of trials.

Bachelor’s degree in accounting

Diploma or certificate course in Forensic accounting



Crime scene investigators work on the place where crime has happened. They collect evidence, process their findings and analyse the whole crime using their collected data.

They perform variety of tasks that includes decision on what evidences should be collected like finger prints, traces, weapons, gathering the evidences and testimonials and interviews; and taking them to the lab for further research.



This field requires knowledge of biochemistry and molecular biology to analyse evidence such as firearms, blood, DNA and other body fluids. They gather, compile and analyse data collected from crime scene to make necessary hypothesis and help in solving the case. The crime analyst helps law enforcement agencies in arrears of particular jurisdiction.  They prepare reports for court representations and testify as expert witness.

Crime Lab Analyst also specialise other fields such as fingerprinting, ballistics, handwriting, blood spatter etc.



They are called to help in the criinal investigation that includes bullets or guns or firearms. They help the investigators trace the type of the bullet, when was it fired, its caliber the place of manufacturing etc. By projecting the scene virtually or physically.



DNA analysts compare the samples from victims and suspects or someone present on the crime scene to determine whether they are guilty of commiting the crime or not. As every persons DNA is unique it is earsier to make conclusion. They also compare the DNA samples to their database to look for any previous suspects.



Forensic document examiners compare handwriting samples to determine the origin of the record/ document such as contracts, chques, bank statements etc.  or analyse if any forgery has been done to the document.

They can analyse the validity of a signature and determine how old the document is.



One of the many methods to determine the cause of crime and to solve the crime is to compare any teeth marks or bite marks on the victim to compare them to any suspects.

They can also determine the persons age, race, occupation, social status etc. with dental evidence provided to them.



Forensic Anthropologist specializes in identifying human remains. Anthropologists can determine the age, sex, and weight of a victim by studying decomposed, burnt, mutilated or otherwise unrecognisable physical remains and skeletal systems, as well as the types of injuries the victim received and the potential cause of death in many cases.



Analyse the type of drug, poison or any other chemical involved in the crime; by performing various tests on body fluids and tissue samples.



They determine the cause of fire accident with the ash, residue and other substances left after the event to determine whenther it was an accident or a planned crime.