What Is the difference between Civil Engineering and Architecture and How Does It Work?

Nandkishor
Post Category : Engineering

12/27/2018 4:24:25 PM

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What Is the difference between Civil Engineering and Architecture and How Does It Work?

Civil Engineering and Architecture both have an equal role in the construction industry. Architecture deals with the design and artistry of structures ranging from buildings to bridges. Civil Engineering on the other hand, deals with the technical and constructional aspects of these designs. If you prefer aesthetics, design and artistry you can go for Architecture, on the other hand if you’re interested in technical details you can opt for Civil Engineering.

Starting with the basic fact that Civil Engineering and Architecture are two different degrees within the same field of education (Design and construction of structures). Pursuing Civil Engineering will give you a B.Tech/B.E. degree i.e. Bachelor of Technology/Engineering, whereas studying Architecture will give you a B.Arch. degree, i.e. Bachelor of Architecture. B.Tech is a 4 year course and B.Arch. is a 5 year course.

Architecture deals with the design and artistry of structures ranging from buildings to bridges. Civil Engineering on the other hand, deals with the technical and constructional aspects of these designs. An Architect is responsible for the design of the structure including its shape, colour, space etc and a Civil Engineer is required to analyse this design and find out an effective way to construct the structure, as well as make sure that the structure can endure normal and extreme conditions.

 
 

Coming to the course and curriculum of both, Architecture requires a creative and imaginative mind along with a good command of drawing/sketching. The course requires students to build structural models, sketch structural elements using their imagination as well as drawing what is seen in front of their eyes. The course also deals with the study of structures with historic or artistic value, besides case studies of pioneering designs, mixed with a bit of Mathematics. It is considered tough and laborious but if you have an inclination towards design, drawing and sketching you’ll enjoy yourself throughout the course.

Now, talking about Civil Engineering, the course doesn’t require any special skills of any sort, but you should have a good grasp of school grade Mathematics and Physics. Civil Engineering involves a lot of formulae in different subjects which are then used in numericals, so you should be ready to understand the important concepts as well as remember them throughout the course. It is comparatively an easy branch with respect to other engineering branches in terms of hard work required to be put into studies.

 
 

Coming on to future opportunities, Civil Engineering provides a rather vast scope of employment compared to Architecture, both in the construction field (Technical) as well as Non-Technical fields. Having a B.Tech degree doesn’t confine you to just being an engineer, you can be an Analyst at Big Four or a Sales Rep at an MNC, or you can work in your core field. There are a lot of construction projects which don’t require an architect, but a Civil Engineer, for example Railways, Bridges, Harbours etc. The chances of an architect relying on a Civil Engineer are more than vice-versa. On the other hand, Architects are confined to limited fields, but mind you, Architects have an upper hand at getting employed in their core fields. They can move into interior design as well as start their own firm as compared to Civil Engineers.

In the end, the decision is yours. Both Architects and Civil Engineers have an equal role in the construction industry. If you prefer aesthetics, design and artistry you can go for Architecture, on the other hand if you’re interested in technical details you can opt for Civil Engineering.