Careers in fisheries

Shiza Sana
Post Category : Fisheries

5/3/2019 1:03:33 PM

5527

Careers in fisheries

INTRODUCTION

 

Fisheries is estimated to provide over 16% of the protein to the world population with India being on the 7th position in the world in terms of export. Fisheries as the name suggests in a field of work related to fishes and aquatic life. Specifically, the field of fisheries include catching, processing, breeding and conservation of fishes and other aquatic beings. Fishery study includes and encompasses a wide area of subjects such as aquaculture, fisheries biology and management, fisheries environment, marine biology, marine conservation, fish processing technology etc. For specialisation in biological study of aquatic life, habitats and breeding, farming and husbandry services. Fisheries as field of work offers jobs to not only traditional farmers or fish catchers but also to trained professionals in its fast growing and multifaceted industry.

 

Work in Fisheries industry includes devising and developing ways to increase population of endangered aquatic species, examining of diseases, suggesting and finding ways for protection and preservation of aquatic life including both flora and fauna, observing environmental effects on fishes and developments in growth trends.

 

ELIGIBILITY/COURSES

 

  • Bachelor of Fisheries Science(B.F.Sc) 4 years
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) (Industrial Fish and Fisheries) 3 years
  • Sc. Fisheries- 3 years
  • Sc. Aquaculture- 3 years

 

MASTERS

  • Masters of fisheries science (M.F.Sc) – 2 years
  • Masters of Science (M.Sc) – 2 years

 

COURSES

  • Aquatic Biology and fisheries
  • Coastal Aquaculture and marine
  • Fishery science and Aquaculture
  • Industrial Fisheries
  • Marine Biology and Fisheries

 

COLLEGES

 

 TYPES OF CAREER

 

  • FISHERY BIOLOGIST

This field includes study of fish habitats and how they are affected by various environmental and other external factors. Fish biologist research for understanding diseases, natural habitats and fish behaviours and Look for remedial measures if needed.

 

  • AQUA CULTURALIST

Aqua culturist are involved in organised capturing of fishes through planned scientific methods and breeding of fishes.

In India two types of aquacultures are practiced-

Freshwater Aquaculture: Involves breeding of fresh water fishes like carp, calt, rohu, magur etc.

Brackish water Aquaculture: Involves breeding of fishes whose natural habitat is sea water like Sea bass, grey mullet, mud crabs, and tiger shrimps.

 

  • INSPECTOR OF FISHERIES

They are involved with various government departments for fisheries. Their main job is involves investigation, licence granting and other official works. There are many state and central government fisheries departments that offer a number of jobs to graduates and post graduates;

State government- Assistant Fisheries development officer (AFDO)/ Fisheries extension Officer (FEO) and District Fisheries Development officer.

Central Government- Maine product Export Development Authority (MPEDA), Fisheries Survey of India (FSI), NIO, WHO, FAO, NACA, EIA, NABARD.

 

  • MARINE BIOLOGIST

The field of marine biology includes study and research of both aquatic plants and animals also in fossil fuels. Their main aim to preserve and protect the aquatic life.

 

  • FISHERY OBSERVER

They carry out various research programmes for different conservation, scientific and management purposes about what is collected and thrown away after the collection of fishes.

 

  • EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE

Though every field of studies has been read and researched many times but with overtime developments calls for the need to look for new perspectives and outlook. For that we need researchers to provide new areas for development. Fisheries also provide this type of employment service where it requires professors, research assistants, trainers etc.

 

  • SELF EMPLOYMENT

You can also opt for a self-reliant option in the field of fisheries that include, fish farming, export business, trading, fish food production, fish disease diagnostic centre, net making, hatchery, consultancy services etc.

 

  • OCEANOGRAPHERS

Oceanographers study plants and animals in the marine environment; their growth, adaptation to the present environment, interaction with the immediate nature etc.

Chemical oceanographers or marine chemists study the composition of seawater, chemical reactions with atmosphere and seabed. Their work includes study and research on effects of pollutants and how it affects water quality which will in turn effect the life of aquatic organisms.

Geological oceanographers or marine geologists conduct sampling to study about the ocean floor, plate tectonics, oceanic circulation and climates. They explore what lead to the formation of underwater mountains, canyons and valleys.

 

  • BANKS

Graduated in Fishery courses are also eligible jobs in banks both national and private; as field officers, managers in agriculture loan section

 

  • FISHING

  Fishing is the basic activity required in the field of fishery, the catching of fishes are required to conduct any further process in the field.